Hoover, Herbert. (1874–1964) & Roosevelt, Franklin D. (1882–1945) [Sandino, Augusto César. (1895–1934)]
"New faces, same imperialist policy" - Original Photograph
International News Photos photograph of former president Hoover riding in a car with President Roosevelt, taken shortly after Roosevelt took office. The Seal of the President of the United States can just be seen on the door of the vehicle. A mostly removed English-language press blurb mounted to verso captions the photograph "Men of the Hour!," and is accompanied by two Spanish-language press clippings (apparently from Cuban publications as this photograph was acquired in Havana) including one that reads, "New faces, same imperialist policy. Hoover attempted to mediate peace when faced with the invincibility of Sandino's hosts, and in the meantime he ordered genocide. Roosevelt ordered the withdrawal of the Marines when their domestic equivalent, the National Guard, was ready, and in the meantime he gave his blessing to Sandino's assassination." Photographer's stamp to verso. Horizontal tear to right margin, occasional toning, else in fine condition. 10 x 8 inches (25.4 x 20.3 cm.).
"President Herbert Hoover and President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt failed to cooperate in any matter during the four-month transition that occurred in the midst of the Great Depression." According to historian Eric Rauchway, "Hoover fundamentally regarded the proposed New Deal FDR had campaigned on as an illegitimate use of presidential and federal power, and something that he wanted to stop as much as he possibly could." ("The Rocky Transition from Hoover to FDR," David Marchick, The Center for Presidential Transition, June 8, 2020)
"Augusto C. Sandino led a peasant rebellion against the armed forces of the United States which occupied Nicaragua between 1926 and 1932. Months after [the withdrawal of US Marines and] signing a peace treaty, Sandino was assassinated in Managua by the leaders of the proxy military constabulary or Guardia Nacional left behind by the United States of Nicaragua." ("Augusto C. Sandino and the Mexican Revolution," Alejandro Bendaña, Oxford Research Encyclopedias, 19 November 2020)
History & Historiography
Law, Politics & Social Sciences